Yet in reality numbers are not at all complicated if you know the rules.
Numbers are everywhere and form an important part of language speaking whether you are a tourist or a businessman.
Numbers come in all kinds of formats: they can represent a statistic, a price, a date, a year, a time, a temperature… just to name a few.
So let’s have a look at how to say numbers:
Presuming everyone knows the basics of numbers from 1 – 100…
- the first thing to distinguish is THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A NUMBER AND A DATE:
- a NUMBER is just read like any cardinal number: 21, 22, 24, 24, 25
- a DATE is always read as an ordinal number: 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th
- THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A YEAR AND A NUMBER:
- a YEAR is usually read TWO by TWO in British English:
- 1995 = 19 95 (nineteen ninetyfive)
unless we are referring to the years between 2000 – 2009
- 2009 = 2009 (two thousand AND nine)
only since the turn of the century in American English it is acceptable to continue this system referring to the year as
- 2016 = 2016 (two thousand AND sixteen)
- a NUMBER is ALWAYS read as a whole:
- 1995 refugees disembarked = 1995 (one thousand, nine hundred and ninetyfive)
- to practise and gain confidence start from the end:
43 – forty three
543 – five hundred and fortythree
and- it’s important to always say the AND after the word hundred even if we usually abbreviate it with ‘n )
6, 543 – six thousand, five hundred ‘n fortythree
76, 543 – seventysix thousand, five hundred ‘n fortythree
876, 543 – eight hundred ‘n seventysix thousand, five hundred ‘n fortythree
9, 876, 543 – nine million, eight hundred ‘n seventysix thousand, five hundred ‘n fortythree
as you can see, it’s really easy and only a question of practice. I recommend reading any numbers you see around you – the number of the car in front of you at the traffic light, street numbers and many more surrounding you in daily life… always start from the end until you become confident.
- A PRICE: £2.10 = £2. 10 (two pounds ten) / $2.10 = $2. 10 (two dollars ten)
- A STATISTIC:
- 20% = 20 % (twenty percent)
- 1.5 = 1 . 5 (one POINT five)
- A TEMPERATURE:
- 18°C = 18 ° C (eighteen degrees Centigrade) /
- 64°F = 64 ° F (sixtyfour degrees Fahrenheit)
Gain confidence with numbers - the more you practice the easier it gets!
You can download this document for easy reference.
Hopefully this will have clarified numbers for you.