Many of my fluent English students make mistakes that make their English sound UNnatural.
One of these is when narrating events, they tend to say ... and AFTER I went shopping… instead of saying ... and afterWARDS I went shopping.
AfterWARDS… means ‘after THAT’ and it avoids having to repeat what was mentioned earlier:
I brushed my teeth and after brushing my teeth I went to bed.
To avoid repetition we say:
I brushed my teeth and afterWARDS I went to bed.
So next time you narrate a series of events, remember to say:
and your English will sound natural.
I hope you find this useful.
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My name is Susan Brodar, born in London into a multilingual family and brought up bilingual English / Italian.